If your meetings use terms like vision and mission, goals and objectives, and strategy and tactics, then I bet some people are using these words wrong. This can throw off your meeting and result in strategic confusion.
Forbes, the US business magazine, has a good article on these four often misused terms. To quote the article,
· A goal is a broad primary outcome
· A strategy is the approach you take to achieve a goal
· An objective is a measurable step you take to achieve a strategy
· A tactic is a tool you use in pursuing an objective associated with a strategy
The author, Mikal Belicove, in the same article gives these examples from Intel’s Core processors,
Goal: Make our Core PC microprocessors a category leader in sales revenue by year X.
Strategy: Persuade buyers that our Core processors are the best on the market by associating with large, well-established PC manufacturers.
Objective: Retain 70 percent or more of the active worldwide PC microprocessor market, according to Passmark’s CPU benchmark report.
Tactic: Through creative that underlies our messaging, leverage hardware partner brand awareness to include key messages about the Intel Inside program.
When I read this article my mind jumped back to numerous boardroom discussions where people misused these terms or used them interchangeably. It causes confusion about the level of discussion in a meeting. “Are we working on long-range corporate strategy? Or are we discussing the problem you are facing this week?” When you need to communicate across email and webinars to hundreds or thousands of people the confusion gets even worse.
How often have you heard misused terms like, “Our strategy is for the first marketing campaigns to target our top customers.” Wrong! You just described a tactic.
Your strategy is to “Increase revenue from customers in our highest RFM (Recency, Frequency, Money) quadrant.”
Use the word “goal” in a discussion and within a minute someone will throw in the mnemonic “SMART Goals.” The idea is that goals should comply with the SMART acronym. I don’t disagree with the SMART part, my problem is with “goal.” The word should be “objective” and not “goal.” (Just because we hear the term “SMART Goal” frequently, does not mean it’s right.)
Click here to learn more about SMART (S Specific, M Measurable, A Attainable/Achievable, R Relevant, T Timely).
SMART is a good acronym and mnemonic. I’ll give you an expanded definition in a related <link> blog, but we need to get the terms right. Are we talking about GOALS or OBJECTIVES? I’ve compiled a few attributes about these two words from www.diffen.com.
|“I want to achieve success in the field of genetic research and do what no one has ever done.”||“I want to complete my thesis on genetic research by the end of this month.”|
|Reason||Achieve a purpose||Complete one or more objectives to achieve a goal|
|Scope||Broad and high level||Narrow and achievable by completing a task|
|Measurable||Difficult to measure||Well-defined and measurable|
|Time Frame||Long term||Mid- to short-term|
* Definitions are compiled from multiple sites including Diffen.com
In any discussion about strategic planning or business building you will hear two other terms used as though they mean the same thing, Mission Statement and Vision Statement. These are also very different, but often used interchangeably.
|Mission Statement||Vision Statement|
|Overall||How you will get there?
“What do we do?”
|Where will we be?
“Where do we want to be?”
Levels of performance
|Inspiration and motivation
|Statements||What do we do?
Who do we do it for?
Why do we do it?
|What do we want to be?
When will we be there?
How will we get there?
|Context||Alignment and direction
Tactical planning and framework
|Motivation and inspiration around a common future and purpose|
* Definitions are compiled from multiple sites including Diffen.com.
Here is something you might want to do if you hear misused terms in your strategy/tactics meetings. Stick on the wall a large easel pad-sized self-stick Post-Its with these misused terms. Then ask what they mean. Underneath the top sheet have the definitions. I’ve done it. It’s always a source of discussion and ends with everyone aligned at the right level of discussion and using the correct terms.